Jaipur, the heritage capital city of Rajasthan is also the first planned city of India. Heritage construction style of Jaipur is also known as the Paris of India. It is a beautiful fusion of traditional and modern architectural pattern.
Jaipur is known as “pink city” not just because all the buildings are painted pink but the color has its own significance in history.
In 1870, when the Prince of Wales and Queen Victoria visited Jaipur during their tour of India. Maharaja Ram Singh painted the whole city pink in color in order to welcome the guests as pink denotes the color of Hospitality. It is also helped in cutting down the glare. Hence Jaipur gained its name of “pink city”.
This Is The Heritage construction Style of Jaipur.
History of Jaipur
Before 1727 A.D, Jaipur came under the region of Matsya kingdom. Today’s known Heritage construction style of Jaipur was built in 1727 A.D by Maharaja Jai Singh II after whom the city was named.
As JAI means victory, therefore, the city was known as Jaipur, “the city of victory”.
The former capital was Amber but later he shifted it to Jaipur because of the growing population, scarcity of water and military reasons.
Vastu of Jaipur
Heritage construction Style of Jaipur was planned on the basis of Indian Vastu Shastra. It took almost 4 years to complete. The planning was done in a grid pattern.
The central axis runs from east to west between the two gates Suraj Pole and Chand pole and two roads cross the central axis at right angles. Which divides it into nine equal blocks out of which one block became inhabitable due to Aravali hills.
The central two blocks consisted of palaces and the settlements were done along the palace blocks.
The Heritage construction Style of Jaipur was surrounded by seven gates to protect it from invading armies.
The planning of Jaipur is designed according to the Prastara type of layout which signifies the important directions.
- Chaupars were public squares or plaza used for gatherings and organizing different activities on festive occasions. These were situated at the intersection of east-west and north-south directions.
- It was a square of 100mx100m.
- The chaupars were used for pedestrian movements and the approximate distance between the two chaupars were about 700m.
- Badi chaupar is also known as Manak Chowk, the bigger square.
- Chhoti Chaupar or small square is also known as Amber Chowk.
Heritage construction style of Jaipur is based on Rajputana architecture style. It is a mixture of Mughal and Hindu architecture. The state of Rajasthan is an epitome of heritage beauty which embraces buildings like Palaces, Havelis and ornamented temples.
Elements of Rajasthan Architecture
- Jharokha: Is a type of overhanging balcony used for overlooking the streets. It also adds architectural beauty to the building. The main significance of jharokhas was to provide the people living in them a view of the outer world without being noticed.
- Chhatris: Refers to a canopy or umbrella. It is the dome shape elevated pavilion and stands as a symbol of pride and honor.
- Havelis: It is an also called as the mansion in India built in between 1830-1930 by Marwar’s. its design is worked out on the concept of courtyard planning. Where all the rooms face towards the central courtyard.
- Courtyards: Courtyards were the central open space in the heritage buildings and palaces which were used for ventilation and for public gathering. According to Vastu, the central place should be light and open so this was also one of the core reasons for having the courtyard in houses.
- Stepwells: also known as Bawdi or Baoli, were large ponds or wells which served as an important feature in Rajputana style of architecture. The environment inside provided a temperature difference of about 5-10 degree Celsius as compared to the outer environment.
This provided a sense of relief to all the women coming there and hence these stepwells also served as comfortable places for meeting purpose.
- Johad– it was a tank used to store rainwater for all year and then it could be used for irrigation and drinking purposes.
- Jaali– It is a perforated stone ornamental pattern screen. It came into existence because of the prevailing Pardah system where women were not allowed to be seen by others.
Heritage construction Style of Jaipur has public plaza known as chaupar for the various public gathering and public occasions. the planning was based on the courtyard concept which provides ventilation to the rooms and also maintains the Vastu consideration.
Arch Point is a construction company also do this type of works heritage buildings like palaces and temples are highly ornamented. the jharokhas were mainly used for the ventilation and for the women to provide the people living in them a view of the outer world without being noticed.
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