Whenever we build a home or a building for commercial purposes, all we aim is its longevity. This thought is obvious, but it requires a lot of care and attention to be paid before, during and after the construction.
There are various factors that may cause the damage to the building or the materials used/kept inside the building. However, the most common cause of damage in the buildings is the Termite attack. It is dangerous as the amount of damage these termites can cause is unprecedented and unpredictable.
Let us get some detail about it.
What are termites?
So, before we go ahead and learn about the damage caused by termites and its prevention, let us learn a bit about termites. Termites (commonly known as “white ants”) are divided in two categories based on their habitat:
a) Subterranean – These are also called as Ground nesting termites, as they live under the ground.
b) Non-Subterranean – These are also named as Wood Nesting Termites. They have no connection to the soil.
Out of the two subterranean termites are more destructive and cause large damage to buildings and interiors. They build their colonies below the ground and may enter the building through pipes, cracks, wall joints, etc.
Why termite proofing is necessary?
The three major reasons to go for termite proofing are:
The damage caused by termites is widespread
These termites feed on various organic substances that have cellulose as their constituent such as wood, paper, household furnishings, etc. Cellulose is the major nutrient for termites. In addition to this, they tend to damage other non-cellulosic material while they move around in search of food. These substances include rubber, clothes kept in wooden cupboard infested by termites, underground cables and lot more. They also build their colonies in a piece of timber and then they multiply there. Their population may reach millions.
The presence of termites cannot be detected easily
It is said that by the time the damage by termites is visible, they have already done a lot of it. Let us explain. The termites live under the ground and they make the way to the building through the cracks or holes and go digging inside the walls. So, they enter any wooden structure in contact with the walls, from the surface that is stuck to the wall. Hence, we can’t detect them, until they make their way to the outer surface of a wooden object that is exposed to our vision. So, by the time we see some signs of the termites they have already done the damage.
The cost to get the damage repaired is too high
It involves a lot of money and effort to repair the damage done by termites. In some cases the damage is irreversible. Hence it requires changing or rebuilding the entire structure.
What is termite proofing and how is it done?
Termite proofing is the treatment done to prevent any building from the termite attack and prohibit their growth. This treatment can be done in both the phases of construction:
a) Pre-construction treatment
This termite proofing treatment method is used before the construction is initiated. In this treatment method, the following practices are involved:
- All the plants, roots, wooden debris and other organic materials are cleared from the site of construction.
- Treatment of the foundations – The solution of insecticide is applied on bottoms and sides of the trenches till the height of 300 mm.
- Back-fill soil treatment – It is the soil that is used to fill the trenches, once the masonry walls are built. This soil is treated with insecticide solution and the same is applied to vertical surfaces of foundation and masonry walls.
- Treatment of peripheral soil – The soil at the external periphery and the earth filling are treated with an insecticide solution. The solution can be injected or sprinkled as per the requirement.
b) Post-construction treatment
These are the methods of termite prevention used for the buildings that are already constructed.
- Treatment of foundation – To facilitate the proper absorption of the insecticide solution, the trench is dug along the walls and holes are drilled at equal distance. The solution is then filled in these holes.
- Treatment of underground soil – It is also done by drilling the holes on the joints and filling them with insecticide solution and then sealing them up.
So, in order to prevent the huge damage caused by termites you can go for termite proofing before after the construction of the building. Look out for the best service provider for termite proofing and get the job done before it is too late.
Read more blogs on Design Dunia